This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:

00:04:31 1 Etymology
00:05:55 2 As a form of art or entertainment
00:08:45 2.1 Composition
00:12:39 2.2 Notation
00:15:28 2.3 Improvisation
00:17:02 2.4 Theory
00:17:53 3 Elements
00:19:53 3.1 Rudimentary elements
00:20:46 3.2 Perceptual elements
00:22:36 3.3 Analysis of styles
00:23:43 3.4 Description of elements
00:23:52 3.4.1 Pitch and melody
00:26:20 3.4.2 Harmony and chords
00:27:47 3.4.3 Rhythm
00:29:08 3.4.4 Texture
00:31:42 3.4.5 Timbre or “tone color”
00:33:23 3.4.6 Expression
00:35:11 3.4.7 Form
00:42:54 4 History
00:43:03 4.1 Early history
00:44:18 4.2 Ancient Egypt
00:45:16 4.3 Asian cultures
00:47:04 4.4 References in the Bible
00:47:22 4.5 Ancient Greece
00:49:15 4.6 Middle Ages
00:50:31 4.7 Renaissance
00:51:41 4.8 Baroque
00:53:17 4.9 Classicism
00:54:38 4.10 Romanticism
00:58:08 4.11 20th and 21st century music
01:01:25 5 Performance
01:05:33 5.1 Oral and aural tradition
01:08:16 5.2 Ornamentation
01:09:10 6 Philosophy and aesthetics
01:10:37 7 Psychology
01:13:52 7.1 Cognitive neuroscience of music
01:14:44 7.2 Cognitive musicology
01:15:38 7.3 Psychoacoustics
01:16:40 7.4 Evolutionary musicology
01:17:08 7.5 Culture in music cognition
01:18:06 8 Sociological aspects
01:18:48 8.1 Role of women
01:22:10 9 Media and technology
01:26:27 9.1 Internet
01:30:41 10 Business
01:32:42 10.1 Intellectual property laws
01:34:06 11 Education
01:35:19 11.1 Non-professional
01:35:28 11.2 Professional training
01:38:11 11.2.1 Undergraduate
01:40:40 11.2.2 Graduate
01:41:38 11.2.3 Musicology
01:43:25 11.2.4 Music theory
01:44:33 11.2.5 Zoomusicology
01:45:35 11.2.6 Ethnomusicology
01:46:45 12 Music therapy
01:50:07 13 See also
01:53:53 14 References

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“I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.”
– Socrates

Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. General definitions of music include common elements such as pitch (which governs melody and harmony), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation), dynamics (loudness and softness), and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the “color” of a musical sound). Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping; there are solely instrumental pieces, solely vocal pieces (such as songs without instrumental accompaniment) and pieces that combine singing and instruments. The word derives from Greek μουσική (mousike; “art of the Muses”).
See glossary of musical terminology.
In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of music (songs, tunes, symphonies, and so on), the criticism of music, the study of the history of music, and the aesthetic examination of music. Ancient Greek and Indian philosophers defined music as tones ordered horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies. Common sayings such as “the harmony of the spheres” and “it is music to my ears” point to the notion that music is often ordered and pleasant to listen to. However, 20th-century composer John Cage thought that any sound can be music, saying, for example, “There is no noise, only sound.”The creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of music vary according to culture and social context. Indeed, throughout history, some new forms or styles of music have been criticized as “not being music”, including Beethoven’s Grosse Fuge string quartet in 1825, early jazz in the beginning of the 1900s and hardcore punk in the 1980s. There are many types of music, including popular music, traditional music, art music, music written for religious ceremonies and work songs such as chanteys. Music ran …


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