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     EduGorilla 
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    Why do goals matter? No one has ever put the case for goal-based success better than John F. Kennedy did 50 years ago. In one of the greatest speeches of the modern US presidency, delivered in June 1963, Kennedy said: “By defining our goal more clearly, by making it seem more manageable and less remote, we can help all people to see it, to draw hope from it and to move irresistibly towards it.”
    Setting goals is important for many reasons. First, they are essential for social mobilization. The world needs to be oriented in one direction to fight poverty or to help achieve sustainable development, but it is very hard in our noisy, disparate, divided, crowded, congested, distracted, and often overwhelmed world to mount a consistent effort to achieve any of our common purposes. Adopting global goals helps individuals, organizations, and governments worldwide to agree on the direction—essentially, to focus on what really matters for our future.
    A second function of goals is to create peer pressure. With the adoption of MDGs, political leaders were publicly and privately questioned on the steps they were taking to end extreme poverty. 
    A third way that goals matter is to spur epistemic communities—networks of expertise, knowledge, and practice—into action around sustainable-development challenges. When bold goals are set, those communities of knowledge and practice come together to recommend practical pathways to achieve results.
    Finally, goals mobilize stakeholder networks. 
    Community leaders, politicians, government ministries, the scientific community, leading nongovernmental organizations, religious groups, international organizations, donor organizations, and foundations are all motivated to come together for a common purpose. That kind of multi-stakeholder process is essential for tackling the complex challenges of sustainable development and the fight against poverty, hunger, and disease. 
    Kennedy himself demonstrated leadership through goal setting a half-century ago in his quest for peace with the Soviet Union at the height of the Cold War. 

    Consider the following statements about the
    “Goals” as discussed in the passage and find
    which of them is/are incorrect?

    1.  Goals provide practical solutions.
    2. Goals motivate stakeholders
    3. Goals create pressure on policymakers.

    Select the correct answer from the codes given
    below:

    Options :-

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and3 only

    3. 1 and3 only

    4. 1, 2, and 3

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