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     EduGorilla 
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    Two hundred years after Malthus predicted that
    population growth would overtake food production by a
    margin of 256 to 9 the simple fact is that food
    production had always been ahead of the population
    growth. Malthus doomsday prediction simply did not
    come true due to two major reasons first population did
    not grow geometrically and birth rates in all Western
    countries fell during the 20th Century resul ting In-very
    slow population growth. Over the past quarter century
    birth rates have been falling in the dev eloping countries
    too. Second modern agricultural practices and better
    irrigation have resul ted in tremendous growth in food
    production in almost all parts of the globe with the
    notable exception of sub-Saharan Africa Therefore at
    the global level the Malthusian doomsday never befell
    on us. India s population grew by about two and a half
    times in the past 45 years -from 361 million in 1951 to
    an estimated 916 million in But during the same period
    India s food-grain production grew by nearly four times –
    from 51 million tones in 1951 to 191 million tonnes in
    As a result the per capita food grain availability in India
    has gone up considerably since the independence. That
    is the Malthusian prediction has not come true even in
    India.

    India s food production from 1951 to 1995 grew
    nearly

    Options :-

    1. five times.

    2. four times.

    3. three times.

    4. two times.

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