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     EduGorilla 
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    Direction: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

    The United States is in a legal and moral emergency, and lawyers have a special responsibility to speak up. Lawyers, as the protectors of the rule of law, must demand the end of indefinite family detention centers, must insist that all children get guaranteed legal representation, and should join the growing movement to abolish US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).
    It is not an accident that Donald Trump can use ICE and Customs and Border Protection (CBP) as tools of unconstitutional illegal behavior: it is part of the structural flaw of the agencies themselves. ICE undermines what we aspire to be as Americans, and is an unaccountable and inhumane political tool, treating all immigrants as national security threats.
    ICE and CBP are tools of lawlessness, so rife with substantiated abuse incidents that we cannot treat these incidents like a few bad apples. ICE and CBP are so politicized that they are not credible as law enforcement agencies, and so deeply connected with illegal behavior that they are no longer credible as self-governing agencies. Instead, they have become tools of arbitrary power and cruelty; the opposite of law.
    The Trump administration has been ruthlessly separating families at the border, failing to reunite them. In response to the collective outrage, the president then committed to an inhumane and illegal public policy of indefinite detention, ostensibly so the families can be kept together, replacing one atrocity with another.
    On Sunday, Trump doubled down and took direct aim at our constitutional order when he tweeted: “When somebody comes in, we must immediately, with no Judges or Court Cases, bring them back from where they came. Our system is a mockery to good immigration policy and Law and Order.”
    This is a direct affront to the most foundational principles of public morality and law. Our constitution insists that “no person shall be … deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law”. It should not need saying, but undocumented immigrants are persons.
    Even if some process is slapped together despite Trump’s outrageous tweet, what kind of due process exists when a six-year-old child must represent herself in immigration proceedings?
    But the problems with ICE and CBP go far deeper than this ongoing atrocity. ICE is stunningly unaccountable, by design, and the horrors that we see today are part of a structural problem that George W Bush created and that we can and must fix.
    Let’s be clear: ICE is a fairly recent development. When the George W Bush administration successfully pushed to place immigration enforcement within the Department of Homeland Security, it transformed decades of past practice where internal immigration policy was conducted by the justice department. The new policy sent a clear and chilling signal: immigrants should be treated as criminals and a national security threat.
    The criminalization of immigrants came into stark view at Trump’s State of the Union, where Trump publicly praised an ICE officer as a “leader in the effort to defend our country” who gets “dangerous criminals off our streets”. The “dangerous criminals” that ICE in fact targets includes families and individuals who have lived in the country for decades with no criminal record.

    Source: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jun/25/ice-tool-illegality-abolish-zephyr-teachout

    Which of the following statements is/are true with reference to the passage?

    I. President Trump is misusing the powers of the Customs and Border Protection agency not intentionally but under duress because of the way the agency has been structured.
    II. Government agencies such as ICE and CBP have been acting with gratuitous cruelty by separating parents from their children without reasonable justification.
    III. By trading the policy of family separation for one of indefinite detention, President Trump has only deepened the legal and moral crisis.

    Options :-

    1. Only I
    2. Only II
    3. Both I and II
    4. Only III
    5. Both II and III
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