- 06/21/2019 at 10:31 am #1177828EduGorillaKeymasterSelect Question Language :
Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
When Shoaib Sultan Khan journeys to Andhra Pradesh later this month, he will reconnect with thousands of people who remember him as the Pakistani who brought change to their lives.
It was thanks to Mr. Khan, now 82 and better known as SSK, that the women of three districts in the southern Indian State mobilised their poor rural communities into a programme that later became the basis for the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM).A legend in the field of rural development in South Asia, SSK is best known for his work in Gilgit Baltistan in the Northern Areas, and at Daudzai, near Peshawar.That’s where he organised far-flung rural communities, an experience he took to India as adviser to the UNDP’s South Asia Poverty Alleviation Programme in the early 1990s.
A little known side to India-Pakistan relations, this development saga has joined the two countries with experiences in rural development over the last two decades even while their governments and militaries have been at loggerheads.How Andhra Pradesh and Pakistan shared and learnt from each other’s experiences is a window-opener to the possibilities that exist for cooperation to remove the poverty gripping both countries, if only they could normalise relations.Khan was on the Independent South Asia Commission on Poverty Alleviation (ISACPA) whose report was adopted by SAARC in 1993. The seminal contribution of this report was that social mobilisation would be the basis of poverty alleviation.
SSK had already tested this with great success in Gilgit, where the model was launched in 1982 under the aegis of the Aga Khan Rural Support Programme.The programme gave each village a one-time grant for a project. The villagers had to form a community organisation to choose the project, and plan, build and maintain it.Khan and his team monitored the projects, which included irrigation channels or roads linking the village to the main road, and they would provide support with equipment, supplies, and expertise.The programme also taught villagers new skills, and encouraged the people of the area to assert themselves and participate in collective initiatives of their own.
Based on this model, the UNDP decided to implement a pilot project in each SAARC country. When SSK came to India in 1994 as part of the UNDP project, Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao asked him to test the project in Andhra Pradesh, where it took off in three districts — Kurnool, Anantapur and Mehboobnagar in 20 mandals from 1994.Khan is so well known for his work in the State that it was in Hyderabad that a biography of him published this year was released with much fanfare, by Chief Minister N. Kiran Kumar Reddy, earlier this year.
What can be said about SAARC from the above passage?
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- India is a part of SAARC.
- The ISACPA report was prepared by SAARC.
- The UNDP is the controlling authority for SAARC countries.
- SSK’s project succeeded in all the SAARC countries
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- India is a part of SAARC.