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     EduGorilla 
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    Direction : Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow the passage. Your answers to these items should be based on the passage only.

    A close look at the facts relating to political interference in administration shows that it is not a one-way process. There is often a nexus between power hungry and corrupt politicians and civil servants with convenient principles. Many civil servants are only too anxious to oblige the politicians, and then cash the obligation when they need some special favour. So the attitude of self-righteousness adopted by the civil service is sometimes only a way of covering their own flaws by blaming others.
    Every now and then some retired civil servants come out with his memoirs, painting a glorious picture of the heights of administrative efficiency reached during his reign. There is often the suggestion that had there not been so much political interference, things would have been even more fantastic. It is not unusual for the self- styled hero to blame not only interfering politicians but also fellow civil servants who are idiots or crooks, for his failures. This attitude of smug self-satisfaction is, unfortunately, developed during the years of service. Self-preservation rather than service is encouraged by our whole system of rules and procedures.
    The remedy has to be drastic and quickly effective. The overprotection now granted to civil servants must end. Today to remove an erring civil servant is just not possible. And the only thing that the highest authority in the Government, both in the State and at the Centre, can do is to transfer an official from one job to another. The rules for taking disciplinary action are so complicated that, in the end, the defaulting civil servants get away, and gets his full emoluments
    even for the period of the disciplinary proceedings, thus making it a paid holiday for him.
    The result is that the administration has become rule-oriented and not result-oriented. The action is possible against the official who takes some interest in his work, but no action is ever taken against a person who does not deliver the goods. If the country is to adopt a result-oriented approach, it is necessary to link job performance with job retention.


    The expression ‘erring civil servant’ means:

    Options :-

    1. Dishonest civil servant
    2. Misbehaved civil servant.
    3. Angry civil servant.
    4. None of these
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