- 06/21/2019 at 2:48 am #1166575EduGorillaKeymasterSelect Question Language :
Direction : In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered . These numbers are printed below the passage and against each , five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out appropriate word in each case.
Indian agriculture is ___(1)______ (dominantly about the) nature. Irrigation facilities that are currently available, do not cover the entire cultivable land. If the farmers are at the ___(2)_____ (leniency of land) for timely water for their crops, they are at the mercy of the government for ___(3)____(alternating irrigation facility). Any failure of nature directly affects the ___(4)__(destination of farmers). Secondly, Indian agriculture is largely an unorganized sector, there is no ___(5)____(unorganized planning), farmers work on lands of uneconomical sizes, institutional finances are not available and minimum purchase prices of the government do not, in reality, reach the poorest farmer. Added to this, the cost of agricultural inputs have been steadily rising over the years, farmers margins of profits have been ____(6)____(causing the irrigation) rise in inputs is not complemented by an increase in the purchase price of the agricultural produce. Even today, in several parts of the country agriculture, is a seasonal occupation. In many districts, farmers get only one crop per year and for the remaining part of the year, they find it ____(7)_______(feasible to increase livelihood).The farmers normally resort to borrowing from money lenders, in the absence of institutionalized finance. Where institutional finance is available, the ordinary farmer does not have a chance of availing it because of the procedures involved in disbursing the finance. This calls for removing the elaborate formalities for obtaining the loans. The institutional finance, where available is mostly availed by the medium or large land owners, the small farmers do not even have the awareness of the existence of such facilities. The money lender is the only source of finance to the farmers. Should the crops fail, the farmers fall into a debt trap and crop failures piled up over the years give them no other option than ending their lives.Another disturbing trend has been observed where farmers commit suicide or deliberately kill a family member in order to avail relief and benefits announced by the government to support the families of those who have committed suicide so that their families could at least benefit from the Government’s relief programs. What then needs to be done to prevent this sad state of affairs? There cannot be one single solution to end the woes of farmers.Temporary measures ____(8)______(through donation) would not be the solution. The governmental efforts should be _______(9)______(mentioning the measures) of the small farmers wherein the relief is not given on a drought to drought basis, rather they are taught to overcome their difficulties through their own skills and capabilities. Social responsibility also goes a long way to help the farmers. The general public, NGOs, Corporates and other organizations too can play a part in helping farmers by _____(10)_______ (rectifying their fields) and families and helping them to rehabilitate.
(A)dominating over the
(B)making up to
(D)predominantly dependent on
(E) no change
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