- 07/28/2019 at 7:56 pm #1545141EduGorillaKeymasterSelect Question Language :
Direction: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
A fundamental global trend nowadays is the growing natural resource scarcity. Oil and natural gas prices have soared in recent years. This year, food prices have also skyrocketed, causing hardships among the poor and large shifts in income between countries and between rural and urban areas. The most basic reason for the rise in natural resource prices is strong growth, especially in China and India, which is hitting against physical limits of land, timber, oil and gas reserves and water supplies. Thus, wherever nature’s goods and services are traded in markets (as with energy and food), prices are rising when they are not traded in markets (as with clean air), the result is pollution and depletion rather than higher prices. There are many reasons for the dramatic increase in world food prices, but the starting point is increasing food consumptions again strongly powered by China’s economic growth. China’s population is earning more notably more meat, which in turn requires the importation of higher volumes of animal feed made from soybeans and maize. Moreover, rising world energy prices has made food production more costly, since it requires large energy inputs for transport, farming and fertilizers. At the same time, rising energy prices create a strong incentive for farmers to switch from food production to fuel production.
Ever increasing consumption of food articles by world population is pushing up the world food prices beyond expectations.
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- if the inference is definitely true ie, it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
- if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light if the facts given.
- if the data are inadequate ie., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
- if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
- if the inference is definitely false ie, it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
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