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    निर्देश : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.

    Paragraph 1. Nearly 35 million people in rural India relied on un-electrified primary health centres as of 2015, according to government data. One in every two primary health centres has no electricity or suffers from power outages, Swaminathan said. A 2016 CEEW report states that only a fifth of primary health centres meet Indian public health standards, which includes having functional infrastructure for electricity. Centres that are connected to the grid battle with an erratic, poor-quality power supply that puts at risk baby deliveries, paediatric emergencies and cold storage of vaccines, campaigners say. Electricity access is also needed for clean water supplies, communication services, mobile health applications and retention of skilled staff, they add. “We came across instances where long power cuts forced doctors to rush vaccines to another health centre 20.odd kilometres away, only to discover that there was no electricity there either,” said Aditya Ramji of the CEEW, which is collaborating with the government on the pilot project. “No power is making the last-mile delivery of health care extremely difficult,” he added.
    Paragraph 2. For instance, we will know by what age our kids will do post-graduation and will be ready for marriage (assuming everything else remains same). However, on investments, this becomes tricky as most of the growth we assume changes as per outside factors. For instance, Interest rates on deposits, are now around 6-7% which were around 8-9% two years ago around 2013-14. Investments in gold has eroded the value in 2015 while they provided double-digit growth in 2016. Hence growth on investments is tricky to control.” Impact of taking a wrong assumption -Any mistake made while making assumptions for calculating the required corpus can have a detrimental effect on your retirement plans. In the worst case scenario, you can run out of your retirement money at a later stage of life. A person starting retirement planning in the later part of his/her working life is going to be more badly affected by the wrong assumption than a person who starts to save early for the retirement. Starting retirement planning at an early stage of your working life helps a person to accumulate a larger corpus. Saving can be started with a small amount also.
    Paragraph 3. “The preference of the Indian consumers towards vernacular and regional language content is constantly on the upswing.” Currently, every video service provider is attempting to cater to the regional language market. Verma says, “People have limited time to watch, so everyone’s vying for the same eyeballs. The next wave of growth in India’s internet penetration is expected to come from tier II and tier III cities, enabled by wireless mobile internet.” The numbers in EY’s 2016 study indicate that this wave is already sweeping the nation: 93% of the time is spent on videos in Hindi and other regional languages. By 2020, of the 650 million internet users, 50.55% are expected to be rural users, up from 33% of 351 million users in 2013.
    Paragraph 4. In the early ‘70s, before BRT was declared a wildlife sanctuary it was an open forest with sparse tree growth and grass that ecologists refer to as woodland savanna. This is the kind of vegetation we see in many parts of Africa and that has now largely disappeared from India due to the exclusion of fire. These ecosystems are maintained by fires and have species adapted to frequent fires. A few decades ago Soligas burnt the forest using flint and stone, which they called chaka muki, until matches became more easily available. “The fires were never too large to affect the trees,” an elderly Soliga told us. “The early season fires were called taragu benki [or litter fire]. The burning began after Sankranti [mid January] continued through Shivaratri [February-March] and completed by Ugadi [end March].”
    Paragraph 5. These stories aside, the real challenge for European epistemology was subtler: how to map an Indian experience onto European vocabulary. This mapping exercise itself, as Subrahmanyam shows, evolves. Thus, for example, we have early European travelers struggling to contextualise the vivid diversity of religious practices that they observe in opposition to recognisably homogeneous “Moorish” (Muslim) rituals. For a century or more, non-Muslims of India were classified as fellow Gentiles. Thereafter, by early 1700s, a social category called ‘Hinduism’ itself acquires administrative and legal force. Further, any knowledge about India could only be explained to fellow Europeans via analogy, which in turn meant form-fitting the experience of India onto theories of European knowledge. Thus, the importance of a Varadaraja Perumal temple at Kanchipuram could only be understood in the evocative terms reserved for the burial site of St. James at Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, north-western Spain.

    According to paragraph 3, which of the followings are correct?
    (i) The next wave of growth in India is expected to come from tier II and tier III cities, enabled by wireless mobile internet.
    (ii) By 2020, of the 650 million internet users, 50.55% are expected to be rural users, up from 33% of 351 million users in 2013.
    (iii) The kind of content consumed online varies according to age and gender.

    Options :-

    1. Only i
    2. Only iii
    3. Only i and ii
    4. All of these
    5. None of these
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